It's tiny. Others are much bigger.

But it was smaller. Compared to how little it was, it grew a lot.

Rather than size, perhaps we should admire who challenges their status quo.

A long time ago when the light was still deciding who got in and who doesn't, yellow was in trouble.

Light took a liking for green, so green got in.

Yellow was sad and silently awaited its turn.

Light wasn't too thrilled about blue either. Blue took a seat next to yellow, and together they cried. They asked green repeatedly to share the light with them. Green refused.

Green had everything, but it wanted more, more, more!

"Blue," yellow said, "if I slide into you or you slide into me, we can create our own green." Blue thought about it for a moment. It liked the idea.

Meanwhile, yellow called green, and after repeated pleas, condescending green granted a short audience.

"Green," said yellow. "Blue and I are going to mix. We'll create our own green."

Green got yellow in the face and apologized for the "misunderstanding."

Yellow got lemons.

Green got limes.

Today (02/19) we’re back in the Paris climate agreement. As the second largest offender (after China with way more citizens), this is significant news for the world!

Biden promised to re-enter the agreement on his first day in office - and he did. The 30-day wait period has ended today, and we’re back in!

According to President Biden, America will become a leading nation in the fight against global warming. He appointed John Kerry as the special representative for the White House. Biden declares fighting global warming a top priority.

USA second largest offender after China

Under trump, the US left the agreement back on November. Read HERE.

The war for attention is real, and it's brutal. Players who think they control the game are played by bigger players. And for what? For ad revenue.

Companies like facebook, Google, & Co don't care what they have to do to maximise profit. If we spend more time on their sites (increasing our exposure to advertisements and the data these companies sell to data brokers) when we're sad, they'll make us sad.

If we interact more with advertisements when we're angry, they'll make us angry.

They know everything about us, what makes us tick and every insecurity, and they will use this knowledge to present us with offers. With no concern for our well-being, mental health or happiness.

I mention this in several of my articles, for instance, when I talk about the danger of social media for our mirror neurons, how social media makes us lonely, why negativity sells but is a two-sided sword, and so on.

But the reason for this quick post is that in his daily newsletter, Seth Godin put it in words better than I ever could. If you're not subscribed to his newsletter...why not?

A few additional ideas about what you can do to amplify possibility:

  • Support the quiet ones that work on supporting, not distracting you
  • Don't waste time with useless communication (every time you gossip, listen to gossip, show off or listen to someone else showing off)
  • Remove yourself from occasions where you're just being exploited

Now, let's hear it from the master, Seth Godin:

USA Left Paris Climate Agreement[tcb-noscript]USA Left Paris Climate Agreement[/tcb-noscript]

It’s official. The US has left the Paris Climate agreement. What now? 

The most important questions answered.

In 2015, 197 Nations of the world agreed to keep global warming well below 1.5 °C, aiming for 2.0 °C, including the United States. As the second largest offender our involvement in greenhouse gas emission reduction is crucial.

We’re the only of 200 countries to back off. What’s the impact? Why did we do that? What does our exit on November 4th mean? Can we just re-enter the agreement? Will this Friday be a true #FridaysForFuture?

Why was the exit on election day?

Pure coincidence. A nation can declare their withdrawal three years after signing the contract at the earliest with a one-year notice. trump did so a year ago. Unless he planned for it, it is pure coincidence.

What are the consequences?

After China, we’re the nation with the highest CO2 emissions. China did not sign the agreement. The US and China account for over 40% of greenhouse gas emissions, making it difficult for the remaining countries to achieve their goal without US (pun intended.) There’s always the risk that other countries might drop out too. However, so far there’s no indication that might happen. Also, nearly 4000 states, cities, universities and corporations declared “We are still in.” Independent of who will become the next President of the United States, the climate friendly trend from the past ten years will continue. Problematic is that trump removed at least 70 environmental and climate protection regulations. The full list is linked at the bottom.

Why wanted trump to exit the agreement?

His two major motives are his belief that global warning is a hoax invented by China, and signaling to his supporters he’s protecting US workers (summarized in his legendary Tweet.)

Will Joe Biden re-enter the Paris Climate Agreement and is it possible?

He said he would do so on the first day on the job. There’s no sign he wouldn’t take climate protection and international collaboration seriously. The formality of writing a letter to UN secretary-general António Guterres is the simple part. The difficult part is putting policies into action that show how we want to achieve the greenhouse gas reduction goal.

Will international climate projection be on track if we rejoin?

If the second largest offender (re)joins the pact, it’s a huge win for the world. However, even with the US on board, we all have to do much better to reach our goal. Re-entering the Paris Climate agreement would be a first and important step.

Resources:

Statement of the WMO (World Meteorological Organization) below:https://public.wmo.int/en/our-mandate/climate/wmo-statement-state-of-global-climate

Environment roll-back list:https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/climate/trump-environment-rollbacks-list.html

Will this Friday be a true #FridaysforFuture?

Your guess is as good as mine. As of today, 11/05 they're still counting. I'm positive, though. 

And if you're wondering what the small things are that each of us can do, I made a video for you.

Small things are not small after all. 

I'll post simple tips to reduce your carbon footstep in the next hour. 

Recklessness in times of crisis

The number of Corona infections is rising, and it’s partly related to psychology. Why are we reckless in times of a crisis?

danger vs risk

Chapters:

Risk vs Danger - are they the same?
Why security increases our risk
Faster, harder, louder (personal story)
Why we take unnecessary risks
Recklessness in times of Corona

Risk vs Danger - are they the same?

We use the terms danger and risk synonymously, and that’s confusing as they are different things. For instance, a lion is a danger. Approaching the lion is a risk that increases the closer we get. It’s less of a risk to approach a lion in a cage - but that doesn’t decrease the danger of the lion.

So we can control risk, but not absolutely.

How we perceive risk has to do with our perspective. That leads to under- or overestimating risks and different assessments. Our culture and social environment also play a part in forming our fears. For instance, someone who is living in a war zone has other fears than someone who lives in a peaceful country. The risk assessment for something simple, such as leaving your house and crossing the street is different.

Different assessments of risks lead to different behavior and actions

Why security increases our risk

People love security. They long for the one form of security that doesn’t exist: absolute security. The paradoxical is that we stop being careful when we get used to feeling secure. Our life becomes more dangerous when we feel secure.

That’s when we get reckless and take unnecessary risks. We look for kicks and something that makes us feel alive.

Organized life, job, chores, responsibilities. Complying to please and avoid trouble. Routine. Same ole routine.

Since ancient times, people did things that are a little harmful. We do things knowing they’re not good for us. We go to bed too late, drink too much, eat junk food until we’re diabetic and don’t stop eating sugar once we are… some people love extreme sports and others attend super spreader events without a mask.

Aurorasa Sima Quote: Security isn't avoiding all risks. Security is navigating through them.

Faster, harder, louder

Maybe you can relate: When I was 20 or even 30, I knew what death is on a conceptual level. Meaning I knew that people die, but I didn’t really understand it. Whether it was speeding on the highway or ignoring well-meant advice: I felt immortal. Or that this disease and that misfortune could not happen to me.

For instance, I refused to wear a seat belt and (in Germany where on some sections of highways there’s no speed limit (YES!)) I thought nothing bad could happen to me. When one day a car hit me from the side so severely that the door and cabin were “on” me, I crashed into the windshield so hard it cracked. Some of my hair got stuck in the cracks. The Alfa Romeo Giulia was a write-off and I? I had a small bruise and a tiny scratch on the forehead.

We had a saying, back in German, that drunk people and children have an angel watching over them.

That’s total nonsense. So are other stupid sayings such as "a plane could crash on my head."

Does that mean we are inconsiderate, selfish people? Why are we doing things we know are risky or not good for us?

Several factors play into this:

Why we take unnecessary risks

Blending things out is critical to our survival

Danger and risks are surrounding us. If we'd constantly look at every risk and assumed everything bad could happen to us, we would become depressive and paralyzed by fear.

You probably know a few people yourself who achieve little because they fear risks and consider every potential problem and worst-case-scenario in their decision-making process and action plans. In our Project Empathy Training, we refer to them as "Doublecheckers."

As always, moderation is key. A little paranoia aids us in achieving our goals, while too much of it hinders us and can even render us unlivable.

Our brain craves quick rewards

The brain reward system (BRA) is a group of neural structures responsible for positive emotions such as joy, euphoria, ecstasy, associative learning, and our desire and craving for quick rewards.

The brain releases dopamine, especially generously for survival-related things like eating and drinking. Rising the dopamine level is the brain’s way to teach us a behaviour was important and we should repeat it.

These ancient instincts don’t get updated and they don’t take into account the amount of chemicals and harmful ingredients and that our calorie requirement has changed since our days as hunter-gatherers.

On a side note: Diet begins in the brain. I’ll add some resources at the end of this article and there's a free training HERE.

Belonging and social acceptance

We know we get a pat on the head if we work long hours, even though we know it’s not good for us. For approval, we’re willing to do risky things to stand out. And also the opposite: For fitting in with a group, we might change our behavior. Or we let someone talk us into having a drink when we don’t want to.

Herd instinct

We’re more likely to give up responsibility and let someone (or the herd) lead us when we’re part of a group. We imitate the leader, even if he has a questionable opinion or leads us to doing something we would not normally do. You probably heard “it’s infectious,” and you can read why that is the case in this article: THE POWER OF MIRROR NEURONS.

Recklessness in times of Corona

Most of us are too optimistic regarding disease. We think we'll never get certain diseases and bad things will mostly happen to others. It's a delusion, but a healthy one.

Having confident expectations and a positive outlook keeps us happy and also physically and mentally fit. However, we overestimate the amount of control we have over our destiny. With a pandemic, this can lead to dangerous mistakes.

Failure to assess the risk

"I'll be lucky" is a risky mindset. The problematic part is that people who do not assess the risk correctly, also risk the lives of others.

About 42% of people believe they won't get COVID-19. I read fluctuating numbers regarding the amount of people who find the protective measures over the top. Let's say 30% to be on the safe side.

Personal experience vs statistics

Personal experience beats data every time. We're self-isolating, social distancing, and wearing masks for a long time and some of us did not have a severe COVID-19 case in their tribe/family.

Because many of us have not experienced the danger of the virus personally, we lose the sense of risk. Articles and statistics don't seem to change that.

Difficulty to see our friends as risks

Besides our healthy but delusional optimism regarding disease, our emotional problem is to see our friend, teacher, the person in need as danger.

On an emotional level we feel "That friend I know for so long that doesn't show any symptoms will not infect me."

Leaders send false messages

In some countries with populist leaders, people receive false information. In America, we're still being told (as if a virus would be a matter of politics rather than policies and as if a virus cares if you believe in it or not) Corona isn't as bad as the other party makes you believe.

Remember what we said earlier about the cultural aspect of fears and the herd effect.

Honestly, I am surprised that knowingly risking other people's lives is still legal. It should not be legal.

Have a look at the development of infection rates before and after some of trump's super-spreader events on USA TODAY.

There's a saying, and that's my...

Conclusion

Resources

Positive illusions and well-being revisited: Separating fact from fiction.

the gloating about trump's COVID-19 diagnosis. tulsa super spreader rally

When the message of trump’s COVID-19 infection spread, many were gloating or leaving malicious comments on social media platforms. In my recent article (how Corona shapes society), I stated that pandemics are levelers. They don’t care about propaganda.

Are we evil people? Did trump victimize himself with his obsession to downplay the danger and not show “weakness”? Is it allowed to feel joy when another person is sick? What is wrong with us?

Audio Version:

In this article, you will learn how we make moral judgements and why some people gloat over the misfortune of another individual.

I’ll throw in some random thoughts before I get to the topic:

Why trump might not like his diagnosis

  • Populist trump portrayed Corona as a personal enemy. Falling sick with the virus in his eyes, equals defeat.
  • trump’s world comprises winners and looser, winners don’t get sick.
  • trump’s Corona infection is a dementi of his own politics.
  • For the longest time, he downplayed the danger of the disease and the likelihood of infection, even after we heard him on tape admitting its deadly danger.
  • Supporters might have second thoughts about the fact that trump admittedly knew since February how dangerous the disease is.
  • He’s the third leader from countries with high infection- and death rates who downplayed the danger and fell sick (the other two are Brazils Jair Bolsonaro and England’s Boris Johnson.)

Now, we’re not looking at this from a political point of view. From a political point of view, trump could probably use his illness to his advantage, if he’s up on his feet in no time. Even if he gets gravely ill, he can use it as a narrative in the spectacle he made of the US government.

We’re looking at the fact that many people are gloating about trump’s diagnosis and what it says about us.

Why are people happy that trump has COVID-19?

A rationalization would be that some people see his illness as the only way to get through to people who still refuse wearing masks and taking precautions.

It all comes down to how the brain makes moral judgements.

How we make moral judgements

When the brain makes moral judgements, it takes the intention of a person into account.

I made a video for you to explain what I mean:

It’s human nature to feel offended if another person willingly and knowingly either harms us or accepts that we might get harmed or even die for ulterior motives.

We would feel differently, if trump hadn’t known how dangerous COVID-19 is.

Another factor is anger. When we’re helpless and cannot change a harmful situation a third-party forces upon us, anger turns to hatred. While it’s understandable, we should still try to remove these negative feelings ASAP.

We’re emotional creatures and might even think it’s Karma. Calm down, everyone. It’s not Karma, it’s a virus and simple mathematics. By rejecting precautions and being around people who follow your lead, you increase the likelihood of getting sick exponentially.

Think of it this way: If you say it’s Karma that trump and some of his entourage fell sick, then it could also be Karma that hundreds of thousands of Americans died because we elected him/didn’t care for people who felt left out when there was still time.

Human nature and the step too far

Secretly assessing the chances of policies that save lives doesn’t make you a bad person. If your aunt died from COVID-19 after one of trump’s super spreader events and you’re angry, it’s understandable.

However, there’s a line between wishing someone dead and secretly not feeling as sympathetic as we feel we should. If you go to social media and post a heartfelt death wish against someone, you might have become as big of a monster as the one you’re fighting.

There’s no good reason for gloating about the misfortune of someone else.

With over 200K dead and over 7 million infected, we could just remember trump’s statement: “Elections have consequences.”

“When they go low, we go high”, is my favorite Michelle Obama quote.

What did you feel when you heard the news?

I could tell you my initial thought when the news broke, but I would not write it down. No matter if you felt sadness, compassion, gloating joy or something else: It was your unintended, emotional reaction. Most importantly, it was private. We can share every last thought publicly, but we don’t have to.

And if you're struggling with negative feelings such as anger or anxiety, check out my PROJECT INNER PEACE!

Sources

http://capricorn.bc.edu/moralitylab/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Young_Saxe_JOCN.pdf

https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Decoding-moral-judgments-from-neural-of-intentions-Koster-Hale-Saxe/7420e8d5456d01d21033886b4371fae7f145f175

How Corona changes society

We’re amid a conflict that forces us to to find a balance between isolation and staying safe. Washing our hands, wearing masks and keeping a distance has become our new normal. Corona also changes how we interact with each other, how we love, and how we live.

AUDIO VERSION

Epidemics have always transformed society, whether it was the pest, cholera, HIV or polio. Epidemics are levelers. On a granular level, that is not true as having health insurance might make or break your survival in case you get sick and your living/working conditions might increase or decrease the amount of exposure.

The Corona pandemic changes all aspects of our lives.

  • How we work
  • How we live
  • How we love

We take precautions to avoid getting sick, and that changes our social interactions. Isolation takes a toll on us and creates challenges. For instance, how do you explain to your young children they can’t play with their friends?

Let’s look at challenges and opportunities as every crisis comes with opportunity.

Epidemics in recent years

It’s not the first time an epidemic changes society and forced people to take precautions, and it’s not the last time.

In 1918, the Spanish Flu terrified and killed people. American soldiers brought it to Europe, where it spread quickly towards the end of World War I.

Pest Doctor wearing a protective mask.
Picture Credit: Unknown source

The Spanish flu caused more deaths than World War I.

As a precaution, people wore face masks. They cleaned roads regularly and avoided overcrowded trams.

Success crowned the cautionary measures. After two years, the Spanish flu disappeared.

New viruses appeared:

  • The Asian flu
  • Hongkong flu
  • Russian flu

These are just a few examples. Every new epidemic calls for extra measures. In many regions of Asia, face masks are already the norm and part of everyday life.

It’s not too long ago that polio terrified people. Then came HIV, Ebola, smallpox.

HIV caused about 30 Million deaths and divided society because the biggest risk groups were minorities, such as gay people and drug addicts.

Modern medicine made vast advances, and never in the history of mankind has it been easier to share information. And misinformation, which is the biggest source of the deadly division our society is struggling with today.

Back when HIV first appeared, a few ideologists wanted to isolate HIV-positive patients.

Some parasites can control the brains of their hosts. So can false beliefs.

Aurorasa Quote The Worst Attacker

Besides false beliefs, a problem with bacteria is that it’s invisible. And then there’s an incubation phase and some carriers do not experience any symptoms.

However, as long as there’s no cure, precautions to prevent the disease from spreading are the only option we have.

How is Corona shaping our society?

Emptiness

Social distancing, closed bars, cancelled events and businesses - there’s emptiness at many places formerly filled with liveliness and closeness.

New borders

After a long phase of opening up and nearly borderless possibilities, our world is getting smaller. Strict border controls, travel bans, fewer parties, travelling became a chore…

Financial hardship and insecurity is a factor that makes travelling yet more unattractive for some families.

Connection

We need closeness and connectedness. Being locked in our apartments and houses is exhausting, not just for people who live alone. Many depressive people are getting worse. If you’re feeling down, I recommend you take advantage of the offers on my primary site: AC

Politics

Epidemics are times of executive power. Justice departments, parliaments, can all take a break. What matters now are administration and regulators.

Leaders who take action will improve their reputation and standing.

Other leaders try to play the severity of the pandemic down. The reason might be that making sure of people’s survival is the very responsible of a country’s leaders. However, when there’s insecurity and the masses are dying, a government looses their basic legitimacy.

This could be why some leaders, such as Boris Johnson, trump, Jair Bolsonaro tried to minimize and downplay the true extent of danger.

Chances and outlook

The Corona pandemic exposed weaknesses in our society, our social systems, politics and even ourselves. For instance, one reason the pandemic hit us seemingly unprepared is that out of greed warnings by experts have been ignored.

Even Bill Gates warned about a situation like this back in 2015 (and ever since):

Conspiracy theorists and far-right groups thanked him by making him the subject of ridiculously abstruse ideas. Another lesson we might learn from Corona is that we NEED to invest more in education. Education of young people, old people - all people.

It is time to cut the cable and stop watching those “drama” YouTubers that kill our brain cells faster than an acid trip with their irrelevancies. And “The Housewives of Jon Doe town” that numb us down harder than a punch on the head.

We must leave our "social" media world of anonymity and pseudonyms and take a stance.

Relationships

Isolation is not only a problem for singles, but also families. The number of homicides and violent conflicts is on the rise. Many couples are not used to spending that much time together, and financial problems make the situation even more tense for many.

Casual dating has mostly become an artifact of the past. We meet fewer people and treat the ones we do meet with more care.

Every medal has two sides, and every crisis provides growth potential.

Return to “normality”

Many people expect that in a few weeks from now everything will go back to normal.

Some experts estimate it will take years to go back to “normal” I do not expect that to be the case. As of today, we do not even have a reliable date for when a vaccine will become available.

Just like since HIV our normal has changed, it will change again.

The death toll is horrible, but things could have been worse. The virus could have been even worse. Hopefully, we’ll not go back to “business as usual”, but prepare for the next pandemic.

People are adaptable creatures of habit. We’ll get used to the new normal quickly.

An opportunity for growth

Gratitude

An epidemic is an incredible opportunity to become more grateful. For our freedom, our family, our friends.

During this crisis, uncountable fellow humans supported others. They give their money, time, care, and love to help others. The wave of altruism is heart-warming.

Deeper relationships

Greed and selfishness are the ugliest features of people and societies. Many people realize now that they are following the wrong gods. This crisis provides an opportunity for them to become less selfish and to understand that maximising profits isn't the only thing that matters.

If we discover we’re someone we can’t stand being alone with, it’s an excellent time to become someone we like to be alone with if need be.

I used to write about digital vs real connection, but I think I can skip that topic as this crisis reminded us on how much we need real human connectedness and closeness.

Corona made us more humble

We rethink our values and have a newfound respect for each other. We paused on our (attempted) race to the top as it's now about life and death. While Corona is not comparable to the Black Death, it's still about life and death. Status and power lose their importance to respect, dignity and decency.

I mentioned earlier that Corona is a leveler. No matter who you are, we share the same experience and will get through this together.

Work

Some jobs might go away, new jobs will appear. Some companies will keep their work-from-home positions. Perhaps corporate offices will become something like status symbols.

It could be the end of business travel as we know it (but that's pure speculation.)

We might see a new norm around respect and trust, and coworkers might become even closer.

For those who were longing to make a change they deemed too risky, might be a good time to go for their dream.

Politics

Should we discover that our elected leaders did not address the crisis competently, we can make a change.

We could consider, at least in democracies, to elect people with expert knowledge and/or the willingness and ability to consult experts in areas where they are not.

Also, we might push for more fairness, social justice, and demand that our new beliefs turn into policy.

Society - Catalyst for change

Corona exposed weaknesses in our system that we can address and as a result become a stronger, fairer society.

A pandemic can be a catalyst for change. We're in a phase of insecurity and are more aware of the importance of our infrastructural, economical, intellectual, and social resources. For instance, the importance and value of nurses, doctors, truckers, and shop assistants for a functioning system.

Crisis is part of live.

People are supportive creatures by nature. And evolution does its thing. Let’s enjoy the ride and be as helpful of a creature as we can during our short time on earth.

Evolution and Betrayal - What is jealousy good for?

Why evolution wants betrayal

As difficult as admitting it to yourself might be, the first rule of betrayal is that our perception of someone else’s character was wrong. We did not predict their behavior correctly.

Because of my background in emotional intelligence, I see betrayal as a learning experience that’s pointing out my growth potential.

Jealousy can comprise a broad range of experiences, from an everyday feeling to a pathology that leads to crime and abuse.

Jealousy destroys the foundation of positive relationships. It is crucial to remember we do not build those sound foundations overnight - or in a two-day session in a random online game.

Why could evolution want that betrayals hurt?

Studies confirmed what you knew all along: Men and women are different in jealousy.

Is jealousy the most counterproductive emotion?

On the first look, jealousy must be one of the most counterproductive emotions of them all. Just think of all the relationships that break because one partner is overly jealous.

I haven’t experienced physical betrayal yet; but I experienced emotional betrayal just the other day. It hurts.

And just think of all the hours we spend crying about unrequited love, break-ups, and disloyal people. I can only imagine the pain someone must feel when someone cheats on them.

From the standpoint of evolution, jealousy seems to be even more counterintuitive, doesn’t it? More partners, more sex = more offspring = sped up evolution.

Why do we suffer when our partner is unfaithful?

The answer to this question is complex, and scientists are still researching the topic. We have a few theories on how jealousy serves evolution. What we know so far is that men and women are equally jealous, even though the triggers are different.

We must differentiate between suspicious and reactive jealousy as the latter is a normal human emotion.

A definition:

Reactive jealousy

We call it reactive jealousy when someone discovers an actual threat or danger to their relationship. That would, for instance, be the case if you catch your partner cheating. Reactive jealousy is always a response to a real, realistic danger. You see your partner misbehaving with your own eyes or have proof of their betrayal.

Suspicious jealousy

What we mean by suspicious jealousy is if someone is jealous even though their partner did not misbehave. For instance, your jealous partner feels you’re talking too long to someone, or a stranger has looked at you with an interest in their eyes.

We base suspicious jealousy on fear, painful experience, or, with abusive people, the knowledge that they are not excellent partners and any decent human being could pose a threat.

Suspicious jealousy is distrust.

Emotional betrayal vs physical betrayal

According to the research of renowned psychologist David M. Buss, the male brain reacts stronger to physical betrayal while the female brain fears emotional betrayal. If we look at our ancestors, that makes sense and led to the parental-investment model.

Men had to be sure that women are physically loyal so they don’t waste time and resources on other children than the men’s own.

Women didn’t need to worry about that, but they depended on their men regarding food, wood to keep the fire burning.

That is why women feel more threatened by emotional negligence while men respond stronger to the thread of physical betrayal.

Extremely jealous people might be triggered by everything and not fit the gender stereotype. One might wonder where their place in evolution is. So what I am saying is that we need to look at this as a model rather than black/white scenario.

We all know that people are not great at assessing themselves. When asked which event is scarier for them, physical or emotional betrayal, a certain amount of people might have responded based on inaccurate self-perception. That said, several follow-up studies came to the same result.

These ancient emotions are even present in couples who are too old to have kids or stayed childless. Even in online dating, ancient patterns are still valid.

Researchers concluded that men react more jealous when their partners might have cybersex and women react stronger to the threat that their partner could form an emotional connection to someone online.

Emotional connection and jealousy

Gender is not the only factor. In 2010, psychologists Kristen Kelly and Kenneth Levy researched the correlation between the depth of emotional connection and jealousy. Their study concluded that the patterns of connections are not genetically predetermined but formed by our first relationships and friendships.

Simplified, you can say that partners who emphasize sex or independence over love fear physical betrayal while the people who feel a deep emotional connection to their partners are more scared of emotional betrayal.

According to scientists, more men than women prefer casual relationships.As in all fields of evolutionary psychology, several factors play a part; may it be genetics, upbringing, or environment. Some signs show men are angrier when their spouse cheats, while women are more threatened by emotional betrayal.

Related:

Article: How to deal with toxic people
Article: Toxic people Plan A and B
Training: Project Self-Confidence

3 Top Jealousy Tips Infographic by Aurorasa Sima